Invitation To Apply

The invitation to Apply in an auto generated letter, which is issued to Express Entry candidates through their Express Entry profiles. It could be offered to any candidate in the Express Entry pool who has been selected to apply for immigration to Canada through the Express Entry immigration system. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) issues Invitations to Apply on priority basis through a draw from the Express Entry pool.

Applicants should bear in mind that an Invitation to Apply is not the same as the eligibility to enter the Express Entry pool and also not the same as a job offer from a Canadian employer or a provincial nomination certificate.

Invitations to Apply are issued by the Government of Canada to certain candidates in the Express Entry pool according to their ranking based on a minimum CRS cut-off score at the time of the draw. Candidates are then notified that they have been invited to apply for permanent residence.

Only candidates in the Express Entry pool may receive an Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence. They are required to meet the minimum entry criteria of the federal economic immigration program in order to join the Express Entry pool. The CRS ranks candidates under the following factors:

  • Core human capital factors;· Accompanying spouse or common-law partner factors, if applicable
  • Skill transferability factors
  • Factors relating to a provincial nomination, a qualifying offer of arranged employment, previous study in Canada, having a sibling in Canada, or proof of French ability

The following supporting documents are required from all candidates who receive an Invitation to Apply, along with their application and the government processing fees.

  • Valid passport
  • Birth certificate
  • Language test results
  • Documentation attesting to work experience
  • Police clearance certificate(s)
  • Upfront medical receipt
  • Photographs of principal applicant and family members

The following documentation may be required based on the program that the candidate received their invitation to apply and the information provided in their Express entry profile.

  • Canadian Education Credential OR Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
  • Letter of attestation
  • Official transcripts of post-secondary education study program courses taken
  • Secondary education documents
  • Original letter from a Canadian employer indicating an offer of arranged employmen
  • Proof of family relationship(s) in Canada
  • Proof of settlement funds
  • Legal documents showing changes in name or date of birth
  • Marriage certificate(s)
  • Signed Statutory Declaration of Common-law Union and documents attesting to cohabitation for a period of at least 12 months
  • Divorce or annulment certificate(s)
  • Death certificate(s) for former spouse(s) or common-law partner(s)
  • Children’s birth certificates
  • Adoption papers
  • Proof of full custody for children
  • Travel documents (non-passport)
  • Certified copy of a certificate of qualification in a skilled trade occupation issued by a Canadian provincial/territorial authority
  • Copies of work contracts and/or pay stubs
  • Documents relating to income taxation

Note: As of June 26, 2018, candidates have 60 days to apply after they receive an ITA, rather than 90 days, as was previously the case. IRCC says that candidates who have received an invitation to apply before June 26, 2018 will continue to have 90 days to submit a complete application.

Please note that following the date that the ITA is issued, the candidate has a period of 60 days to apply and submit all the necessary documents. Extensions are not granted.It would help the candidate to begin preparing these documents and making sure that they are in order before an Invitation to Apply for PR is issued due to the limited time period available for the candidate. If a candidate misses their deadline, the Invitation to Apply is no longer valid and they will have to enter the Express Entry pool again

Sometimes, the information provided by a candidate might turn out to be false. This is known as misrepresentation. Misrepresentation in information provided carries penalties depending on the nature and severity of their false claim. The misrepresentation provisions exist to ensure that applicants provide complete and accurate information in every aspect when applying for entry into Canada.

A candidate who submits false information can be banned from entering the Express Entry pool for a period of five years. It is therefore extremely crucial that the information provided is always accurate.

Misrepresentation, whether it is intentional or unintentional may result in the candidate being found inadmissible to Canada. Withholding material facts that could induce an error in the processing of their application will have the same result. The applicant must be responsible for their application and make sure that all the information provided is accurate and all the documents are genuine.

Examples of misrepresentation may include:

  • An individual stating that they have no criminal record, but a background check reveals that they have indeed been convicted of a crime. This is direct misrepresentation.
  • An applicant obtaining information in support of an application from a friend or relative, but the information turns out to be inaccurate. Even though the applicant may not have been aware of the inaccuracy, they are responsible for making sure that all the information provided in their application is truthful and all documents are genuine. In these circumstances, the applicant may be considered inadmissible because of misrepresentation, even though they were not directly responsible for the false information. This is indirect misrepresentation.

Applicants may be given the opportunity to respond to concerns raised about their application in cases where misrepresentation is suspected.

After the Invitation to Apply is issued, candidates have a period of 60 days to submit a complete and accurate application along with all the necessary documentation. The submission of the complete application is considered acceptance.

Applicants may submit their application once all the portions of the document checklist are uploaded and complete and the option to submit an application will not be available until allthe documents are accounted for. Applicants will receive an acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR) following the submission of the file. Within a period of 6 months after submission, the IRCC reviews the application to ensure that it is complete and eligible.

Failing to not submit an application within 60 days will result in the expiration of the Invitation to Apply. In such a situation, if the candidate still wishes to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry, they must submit a new Express Entry profile and be accepted to the pool again to be considered for future invitation. Candidates are required to meet the same minimum criteria to enter the pool again.

Declining an Invitation to Apply will not have a negative effect on the candidate’s chances of receiving an invitation at a later date. There is however no guarantee that they will receive another Invitation to Apply.Deciding to decline an Invitation to Apply will result in the profile of the candidate being placed back into the Express Entry pool to be considered for future invitations. This is provided that they still meet the minimum criteria of a federal economic immigration program.

Express Entry is a new system designed with the aim of making the immigration process faster and simpler.

Express entry is a system used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to select individuals for immigration to Canada using the economic immigration programs mentioned below.

  • Federal Skilled Worker Class (formerly the Federal Skilled Worker Program)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Class (formerly the Federal Skilled Trades Program)
  • Canadian Experience Class
  • A portion of the Provincial Nominee Programs

There are several PNP’s that does not consider a candidate’s CRS score among their eligibility requirements and are willing to accept candidates with no ties to Canada (such as job offer, previous experience in Canada or relatives). These programs are therefore very popular among express entry candidates.

A lot of these programs operate on a first-come first-serve basis and reach their intake quotas extremely quickly, so proactive preparation is the best chance you have for a successful application.

The Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry is a good example of a first-come, first-serve PNP.

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This stream has a unique system to award points and a list of eligible occupations. A candidates CRS score is not considered.

Little notice is provided and the quota for applications is met within hours of notice, therefore many applicants prepare well in advance for these streams to reopen. However, a downside to this is that PNP requirements and eligibility criteria can change without notice. It still does not hurt to prepare in advance because many of the documents required by PNP’s are also required to apply for an Express Entry Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Ontario’s Express Entry linked Human Capital Priorities Stream is another PNP that may reward candidates who are prepared.

This is an active stream that follows a passive model, which allows Ontario to select candidates in the Express Entry pool who have a CRS score above 400 and who’s skills match the province’s labour needs.

Express Entry candidates have 45 days to submit their application after they receive an invitation through the Human Capital Priorities Stream.

In addition to collecting the necessary documents for applying, Ontario also requests candidates interested in this stream to create a new profile in the Express Entry system so that identification of the profile will be easier when they search the Express entry pool.

Candidates must keep a close eye on the stream for any new developments and take the necessary steps when opportunity arises.

Ontario’s Express Entry linked Human Capital Priorities Stream is another PNP that may reward candidates who are prepared.

This is an active stream that follows a passive model, which allows Ontario to select candidates in the Express Entry pool who have a CRS score above 400 and who’s skills match the province’s labour needs.

Express Entry candidates have 45 days to submit their application after they receive an invitation through the Human Capital Priorities Stream.

In addition to collecting the necessary documents for applying, Ontario also requests candidates interested in this stream to create a new profile in the Express Entry system so that identification of the profile will be easier when they search the Express entry pool.

Candidates must keep a close eye on the stream for any new developments and take the necessary steps when opportunity arises.

The provinces of both Prince Edward Island and Manitoba have streams with their own pools and ranking systems. Eligible candidates can submit their profiles to these provinces.

The Express Entry Labor Market Stream is opened by the province of New Brunswick to IT professionals and others for limited periods.

All these streams differ greatly in their ranking systems and criteria, but what they have in common is that they reward informed and prepared candidates.

Admission targets for PNPs are expected to increase by 11 per cent in 2019 and 2020 so be alert and be prepared with your necessary documents.